John 5: 6 tells us that the Savior saw the sick man “and knew that in this case he had been a long time ago.” The Savior allowed the man to clarify his situation and need. Since we are not omniscient, we must listen first – and without criticism.
- Pool of Bethesda
- Gospel of John
- What Was the Pool of Bethesda in the Bible?
- Did the Pool of Bethesda Literally Heal People?
- First (northern) pool
- Second (southern) pool
- Hellenistic and Roman temples
- Byzantine church
- Crusader churches
- Modern times
- Serve Anonymously
- Learn about Grief
- What Was the Pool of Bethesda?
- Why Did the Pool of Bethesda Heal People?
- Conflict with the Jewish Leaders and Pharisees (5:16-18)
- Lessons for Disciples
- Key Verses
Pool of Bethesda
Pools. Jerusalem in the Second Temple Period – Pattern in Jerusalem, on the path 1 2 3 4 It involves healing. In ancient Greek biblical manuscripts, its name is often confused with that of the city of Bethsaida.
Its name is said to be derived from the 5 Aramaic language or house of grace. In the closely related Syrian branch of this ancient language, 6 7 8 this double meaning could be considered appropriate because the location was seen as a place of disgrace due to the presence of invalids and a place of grace due to the granting of healing an original examination?
Alternative versions of this name, found in the manuscripts of the Gospel of John, include Bethzatha 9 and Bethsaida (not to be confused with Bethsaida, a city in Galilee), although the latter is considered 10
John’s Gospel describes the location of the basin using Eusebius, an early 4th century Christian polemicist who interpreted it as a sheep pond, and later church fathers copied his suggestion, but it is now believed that the term probatike actually refers to the location of Bethesda near Sheep’s Gate 1 2 3 4 (gate in the former city wall, slightly close to the Revised Standard Version and New International Version, according to the second interpretation.
In the middle of the 1st century AD, Aelia Capitolina placed the road along the dam and expanded the asclepieion into a large temple of Asclepius and Serapis. 11 In the Byzantine era, asklepieion was transformed into a church.
After the Crusaders’ conquest of Jerusalem, the church buildings were rebuilt on a much smaller scale, but when the Ottoman Empire in gratitude offered Queen Victoria the choice of a site in Bethesda or Cyprus; The Anglican Church lobbied for the Bethesda site, but Victoria chose Cyprus, so in 1856 the Turks donated the site to the Scriptures
And the king of Assyria sent Lachish to king Hezekiah with a large army to Jerusalem. They left and came to Jerusalem. When they had arrived, they came and stood at the trough of the upper pool that is in the way of the fuller field. 18
This is also mentioned earlier in Isaiah:
And the Lord said to Isaiah, “Go now to meet Ahaz, you and 19
Gospel of John
According to John’s Gospel, Bethesda was a bathing beach (Greek: columbethra) with five (as mentioned above, probatike is now believed to refer to the Sheep’s Gate 1 2 3 4). Archaeologically, the reference to the five porticos is not yet fully understood, as the only suitable structure found in the basins themselves has three porticos instead of five. The closest alternate match is the five colonnades of Asclepieon itself; 21 Origen, writing in the 3rd century, claims to have seen five porticoes, but since the site was already erected by Hadrian, it must refer to the 2nd-century 13th version of Asclepius requiring the authorship of the Gospel of John dated after 130.
John’s narrative describes the porticos as a place where a large number of infirm people waited 22, which corresponds well with the use of the site in the first century as a asklepieon. Some ancient biblical manuscripts claim 21 that these people waited for the rest of the water; 23 several of these 21 manuscripts also depart from Roman rituals into something more appropriate for Judaism, adding that the angel occasionally mixes the water, which will then heal the first person to enter. 24 Although the Vulgate does not mention the water problem or the “angelic tradition,” they were present in many of the manuscripts used by early English translations of the Bible, and therefore included them in their translations. Modern text scholars consider these additional details unreliable and unlikely to be part of the original text
The biblical narrative continues the account of Jesus’ visit on the Sabbath, during which he heals a man who has been bedridden for centuries and unable to enter the pool by himself. 26 Some scholars have suggested that the narrative is in fact part of a deliberate polemic with the cult of Asclepius, an antagonism possibly due in part to the fact that Asclepius was worshiped as Savior (Greek: Soter) regarding his healing attributes. 27 The Greek expression hygies genesthai is used in the narrative, 28 which is nowhere to be found in the synoptic Gospels but appears frequently in the ancient testimonies of Asclepius’ healing power; 27 the later narrative in the Gospel of John about Jesus washing the feet of Simon Peter during the Last Supper, 29 similarly uses the Greek term goyein, 30,which is a special term for washing in asclepieon, 27 instead of the Greek word used elsewhere in John’s text for washing, niptein.
11 And he said, “The man who healed me said to me,” Take your bed and walk. 12 So they asked him, “Who is this man that told you to pick up and go?” 13 The man who was healed had no idea who it was because Jesus slipped out into the crowd that was there. ” (5: 11-13)
What Was the Pool of Bethesda in the Bible?
The Bethesda Pool was a multi-level underground pool, surrounded by wide landings and steps leading to the water. The rectangular fence was encircled by four columned, covered walkways, and one separated the upper reservoir from the lower one, giving the pool five colonnades.
In Jesus’ day, a large crowd of disabled people regularly gathered by the pool and waited for the opportunity to be healed. They believed that at certain times of the year the angel would descend and “stir” the water, giving it healing properties. Legend has it that healing was available to anyone who was allowed to enter the pool first after the angel had moved the water (John 5: 4, KJV).
Before this massive structure became known as a healing site, the pool was simply used as a rainwater reservoir for ritual cleansing. Some Bible scholars believe that the pool of Bethesda was the upper pool described at 2 Kings 18:17. “Water was an important part of early medicine and also important to Jewish law, which placed a lot of emphasis on being” clean “versus” unclean, “explains Connor Salter.
The pool, just outside the walls of Jerusalem, near the Sheep’s Gate, was the perfect spot to cleanse. After the ceremonial sheep were thoroughly washed in the pool, they were taken through the Sheep Gate to the Temple for sacrifice. Some biblical experts believe that the pool was also a mikveh, a bathhouse for Jewish worshipers to achieve ritual purity.
Did the Pool of Bethesda Literally Heal People?
For 38 years, a paralyzed man visited Bethesda Pool in the hope of being healed. Year after year, it attracted him and many other disabled people. Did the healing really take place in the mysterious waters? There are at least three schools of thought about whether or not Bethesda Pool literally provided healing.
Some believe that John 5: 4 makes the final statement about the healings that took place by the pool. “For at one point the angel came down to the pool and disturbed the water; whoever then entered first after the tribulation of the water was healed of all sickness he had ”(John 5: 4). Because of this verse, they believe that God provided miraculous healings with the help of angels at the pool of Bethesda. Their argument against the pessimists suggests that if the healing had not taken place by the pool, the Scriptures would have exposed the healing reports as false claims.
This assumption is complicated by the fact that not all Bible manuscripts contain a verse that makes this point so definitively. In fact, John 5: 4 has been deliberately omitted from many modern versions of the Bible. “After 1900, translators used new discoveries in 19th-century manuscripts which revealed that the verse was probably not original. Newer translations of the Bible give us a clearer picture of what the original product of inspiration looked like, ”explains Michael S. Heiser.
The second theory suggests that the healing took place in Bethesda’s waters because the pool was fed by a hot mineral spring. People who promote this point of view believe that the naturally occurring sulfur, calcium, potassium, magnesium, zinc, phosphate and nitrogen would spontaneously heal many ailments upon contact.
Proponents of this theory even give a reason why observers may have believed that angels occasionally “stir up” the pool. They explain that the subterranean ripple sometimes causes the natural source to release gases that move upwards and disturb the natural flow of the source. When this happens, it creates a bubbling effect on the surface which throws additional mineral resources into the water.
Considering what we now know about the healing value of minerals, this theory seems quite plausible. However, in 1956, a German archaeologist living in Jerusalem discovered what most believe to be the original site of the Bethesda Pool. The design of the pool and its location clearly indicate that the pool was not fed from a hot spring, but supplemented by a complex rainwater collection system.
Finally, there are those who believe that the pool of Bethesda was established by the Roman garrison to honor Asclepius, their “healing” god. During the Roman occupation of Jerusalem, many pagan buildings were built in this area, including an arena, an amphitheater, and various baths.
Proponents of this point of view believe that the pool was part of a pagan temple that would be built outside the walls of Jerusalem to avoid enraging the Jewish population. Historical records show that hundreds of such temples were active throughout the Greco-Roman Empire during the time of Jesus. The Romans believed that health and well-being could be obtained through the zealous worship of their pagan gods.
Opponents of this theory believe that if the pool of Bethesda were part of a pagan temple, the “angel” accompanying the healings would be a fallen angel. On this basis, they suppose that the paralytic in the passage could not have been a Jew, and Jesus would not have come close to the area of pagan worship.
No matter which corner of the gaming quadrant you stand on, this offering is perfect for Microsoft, Bethesda and their fans. I predict to look back in a few years and pinpoint this moment as a turning point for Xbox that has led to brighter days and even more excitement for the green team.
First (northern) pool
The history of the basin began in the 8th century BC, when a dam was built in the short Beth Zeta valley, turning it into a rainwater reservoir; the lock in the dam made it possible to control the height, and the channel carved in the rock delivered a constant stream of water from the reservoir to the city. The reservoir became known as the Upper Basin (בריכה העליונה).
Second (southern) pool
Around 200 BC, during the period when Simon II was a Jewish high priest, the canal was closed and a second basin was added on the south side of the dam.
Although popular legend says that this pool was used to wash sheep, it is very unlikely due to its use as a water source and its extreme depth (13 m). There was a scientific discussion as to whether the pool could be a mikveh (Jewish ritual pool for bathing).
Hellenistic and Roman temples
In the 1st century BC, the natural caves east of the two basins were converted into small baths as part of the asclepieon; however, the Mishnah suggests that at least one of these new basins was dedicated to Fortune, the goddess of fortune, and not to Asclepius, the god of healing. Scholars believe it is likely that the settlement was established by the Roman garrison of the nearby Antonia Fortress, which would also have been able to protect it from attack. Also, the location of asclepius outside the then city walls made its presence bearable for Jews who might otherwise have opposed a non-Jewish religious presence in their holy city.
In the middle of the 1st century AD, Herod Agrippa extended the city walls, introducing asclepieion into the city. When Hadrian rebuilt Jerusalem as Aelia Capitolina, he placed a road along the dam and extended the asclepieion into a large temple of Asclepius and Serapis.
By the 5th century at least part of the asclepieon had been transformed or replaced by the Byzantine Church, known as the Church of the Probatike (literally the Sheep Church, the pool is called the Probatic or Sheep Pond) and was initially dedicated to the Healing of the Paralytic, although from the 6th century associated with the Virgin Mary (the German pilgrim Theodosius wrote in De Situ Terrae Sanctae (c. 530) that “next to the Faroe’s Pond is the Church of my Lady Mary”). This reflects a more general movement that has appropriated the healing sites of the pagan religion and rededicated them to Our Lady. This church was built by Empress Eudocia (present in Jerusalem between 438-39 and 443-460) is uncertain, it seems more likely to be associated with Juvenal, bishop of Jerusalem in the mid-5th century.
After the conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders in 1099, a much smaller church, known as the Paralytic Church, was built amid the ruins from the Byzantine period on a stone causeway separating the two basins. After Saladin conquered Jerusalem in 1187, it was transformed into Shafi`i fiqh (Islamic law school). Gradually, the buildings fell into disrepair, becoming a garbage can).
In 1856, the Ottoman Sultan Abdülmecid I donated the area, including the Church of St. Anna and the pool, to Napoleon III. The French restored and rededicated the church (under the management of the White Fathers), in the southeast corner of the pools, leaving other ruins untouched. The site is said to have been originally offered to Queen Victoria as part of the negotiations that eventually led to the Cyprus Convention of 1878.
Pools. Jerusalem in the Second Temple Period – Pattern in Jerusalem, on the path 1 2 3 4 It involves healing. In ancient Greek biblical manuscripts, its name is often confused with that of the city of Bethsaida.
After Jesus Christ healed the man at Bethesda’s pool, the man took his bed and walked. He was stopped by Jewish elders and asked why he was healed on the Sabbath and who did it. The man did not know what to say to them, “because Jesus had gone astray.” – John 5:13. Jesus did nothing to glorify Himself, but He glorified the Father in all things, setting the perfect example.
Many in the Church and elsewhere anonymously make their time, talents, and other resources. The family in my ward, whose daughter suffered from a life-threatening illness, went to Florida for treatment through a charitable foundation. One evening, the family decided to go out for dinner alone and go crazy a bit. After a feast at a popular restaurant, my father asked for a bill. The waitress came to the table and said, “Oh, there’s no charge. Someone here paid your bill. The family was stunned. As her mother put it, “I cried immediately and asked who had done it. She said they want to remain anonymous. All I could say was, “Say them thank you!” We got up and left, once again humiliated by the generosity of other, even complete strangers! People are so good.”
Learn about Grief
We know from other scriptures that Jesus Christ knows exactly what we suffer and experience. As Isaiah 53: 5 teaches, “he was wounded for our transgressions, crushed for our iniquities; upon him the punishment of our peace befell; and with his wounds we are healed. Jesus Christ knew and experienced what we suffer in order to “know according to the flesh how to sustain his people according to their weakness” (Alma 7:12).
We can also learn and explore what usually happens to people during a crisis. Know that people often lose their concentration and the ability to think clearly for long periods of time. Know that victims and patients are not always able to maintain normal sleep patterns. Know that many feel helpless and numb. 1 Know that grief is a normal and natural response to loss 2 and that the victim may not have the energy to respond to requests and questions. Be prayerful, and as you learn these things, you can increase empathy and compassion for the individual and improve your ability to seek needs.
The question Jesus asked the man who lay near the pool of Bethesda might have struck the casual observer as pointless. But the divine inquiry of Jesus initiated an event that will change a person’s life forever.
Let’s look at the facts here. If Microsoft hadn’t failed to deliver for a generation (Hello Xbox One), it wouldn’t have had to waste $ 7 billion playing catching up. Sony has spent millions over generations building its own development teams with their own exclusive solutions. It’s kind of funny when people say “Sony has exclusivity, why can’t we!” on the forums, but it’s completely different. It’s like crying that Halo is exclusive to Xbox, it doesn’t make sense. This was not to retaliate exclusively for Sony, but to catch up. It’s a harsh reality, but it’s true, and I believe even Microsoft has seen it, which is why this purchase took place. They needed a quick update for their development teams, while also investing heavily in games, so it’s an easy but costly fix.
That being said, it’s exciting as a gamer as it means Microsoft is back and potentially starting to put on weight again. This is good news for everyone, even PlayStation fans, as it means Sony has to rise to the occasion, too. The last few years have been a bit loose, even Sony’s own releases seem to shrink dramatically, but now the real race is about to begin. It’s not just games bought by Microsoft, it’s a talent that will evolve along with its own studios, new technologies and engines. I sincerely hope this will lead to both Microsoft and Sony developing amazing experiences over the next few years, not a bidding war with different publishers.
As for the exclusivity of Bethesda, well, I’m not sure. I think it’s fair to assume that for obvious reasons there will be some availability via GamePass for Bethesda titles, but I don’t think the current franchises will skip entirely. It would be a terrible business decision considering all the profit margins etc that were used to price Bethesda from third party sales. Also, the absolute best GamePass ad would be to say to PS players “hey, you could have played it for free, and earlier here” and then put the GamePass ad in the box.
I believe that any new franchise, maybe even Starfield, will be exclusive from now on. When it comes to Doom, Elder Scrolls, Fallout etc, it would be just silly to remove them completely and upset millions of fans for no reason, it certainly wouldn’t make me want to support GamePass or Xbox. Plus Microsoft was here before when they spent a lot of money on Minecraft creator Majong, and yet the Majong titles are still making their way to PlayStation. Updates may be heavily delayed to make Xbox feel like a “better place to play,” but it’s still getting support and Microsoft is still stuffing the nasty microtransaction store for the PlayStation version.
Besides, you have signs everywhere that the franchises will stay. Maybe MS is in talks with Sony, who knows, but even in its official announcement, it says nothing about making them exclusive. I would assume if they planned to be exclusive, they would have said it outright. Added to this is the fact that Sony is still heavily preparing the upcoming PS5 / PS4 releases of Bethesda on all its channels, including the paid exclusive Ghostwire and Deathloop, as well as the Doom 3 VR edition right now (which was announced after the conclusion of the contract with Microsoft). Ultimately, Bethesda has a history of favoring the Xbox, so not much should change with that perspective.
It really sucks that I don’t know if I can still invest in Ghostwire and Deathloop. I want to but don’t want to play this game, be interested in the world, and then hear that I need an Xbox to keep playing it.
Microsoft has bought a whole bunch of game developers, but the ZeniMax buyout must be their biggest so far. A lot can be said for any company that has so many developers under one umbrella, but when it comes to game development, I think MS is good at it. Unlike some other companies (* cough * EA * cough *) they largely allowed the developers to work independently without massive supervision / interference.
They made it clear in statements made during the first announcement and the recent finalization that they intended to allow Bethesda to continue in the way they are used to. For the most part, this is a great thing, and connecting to Microsoft offers the studio a greater wealth of resources to draw from.
Not only can this result in larger games overall, but it also opens the door to the possibility of working on more games at once and increasing their releases. Hell, we already know they’re working on a lot of things at once (with Indiana Jones, the new Fallout, Starfield and Elder Scrolls 6), but more resources means (hopefully) we’ll be able to play them sooner rather than later.
As for the exclusives, I can’t say I feel about it anyway. OF course, the company does not intend to buy out programmers without thinking about some exclusivity for consoles. That said, MS has shown in the past that it is more likely to work with other consoles than most. I think in the case of big brands, it would be fitting for some titles to be cross-platform and reach a wider audience (and greater potential profits).
They’ve already announced that some of Bethesda’s upcoming games will be exclusive to the Xbox Series X | S, but what it might be is still in the air. Which is worth it, I think the exclusive titles we’ll see will be more like spin-offs for major franchises. Imagine a Fallout side story (maybe even New Vegas 2) on the Xbox, while the main series titles (Fallout 5) will be available everywhere.
Overall I’m excited to see what Bethesda has up her sleeve and keeping our fingers crossed we’ll start getting updates on titles they’ve been working on for years…
When Jesus saw him lying there and found out that he had been like this for a long time, he asked the man an unusual question – a question that would surgically explore the depth of his intention: “Do you want to get better?” (John 5: 6).
What Was the Pool of Bethesda?
John 5: 1-5 explains that the pool of Bethesda was at one of the gates of Jerusalem, known as the Gate of the Sheep, and was surrounded on five sides by colonnades (covered with columns). To us, this configuration would look like a modern public pool – a water area in the center with structures around it to provide shade.
Various archaeologists have suggested sites that could be the remains of a basin that could be connected to a dam, or two basins built side by side over time. There is also debate as to whether the Jews used this basin for ritual baths (an important part of the Old Testament laws about keeping clean and avoiding “uncleanness”), or whether it was a healing basin that the Romans built in one of their pagan temples. Either of these options will make it a healing site that people often visit.
Why Did the Pool of Bethesda Heal People?
Pools and baths were important not only for hygiene, in ancient societies water was used for healing purposes. The cold water refreshed people and kept them clean. Hot water can soothe skin conditions, use in hot compresses and similar treatments. Hot water can also be drunk to help with internal problems such as digestion (which is why alternative medicine sometimes recommends drinking hot water with various herbs). The lukewarm water was not clearly used for medicinal purposes; therefore, in Revelation 3: 15-17, John criticizes the church in Laodicea for being “neither cold nor hot. I wish you were one or the other! So, since you’re lukewarm – neither hot nor cold – I’m gonna spit you out of my mouth. ” Laodicea was built on the river and had public baths, making it an important site for medical needs.
We were not told if the Bethesda pool was a hot or a cold pool, but it would either become a treatment site. There are many indications that there was more to this pool than just providing good water. When Jesus asked the sick man if he wanted to be healed, he replied, “I have no one to help me get into the pool while the water is mixing. When I try to come in, someone else comes down in front of me ”(John 5: 7). This means that at times the water in the pool was agitated and it was believed that whoever entered first received healing. Some John 5 manuscripts contain an additional verse that says that people “waited for the waters to move.” From time to time an angel of the Lord would come down and stir up the waters. The first person to enter the pool after any such disturbance would be cured of whatever disease they had.”
Since this is a line that does not appear in all or most of the manuscripts, it is difficult to say how accurate it is. We have a problem similar to John 7:53 to 8:11, which probably mentions in your Bible translation that this story did not appear in many ancient manuscripts. That being said, this line would explain the invalid’s comment about the moving water and healing of the first person in the pool. However, whether the pool brought supernatural healing (much like healing Naaman when he was bathing in Jordan) or was just a healing site, it appears to have had a reputation for healing people.
Bethesda Pool is one of those interesting biblical stories where we don’t have the full story. There are details that we are told and details that only appear in some manuscripts. There are characters in this story as well as pieces of the story that are only suggested about.
Conflict with the Jewish Leaders and Pharisees (5:16-18)
Our passage ends by explaining that Jesus’ death was caused by the same kind of blind legalism that the Pharisees often showed.
16 And because Jesus did it on the Sabbath, the Jews persecuted him. 17 Jesus said to them, “My Father is always in his work to this day, and I also work,” therefore the Jews tried all the more to kill him, not only breaking the Sabbath, but even calling God his Father, making himself equal to God. ” (5: 16-18)
They saw an amazing miracle, but criticized Jesus for disobeying their interpretation of the law.
The following conversation, explaining Jesus’ relationship with the Father, is closely related to the story of man’s healing at Bethesda, but we will consider this separately in the next lesson.
Lessons for Disciples
There are some clear lessons for students in our text:
- god’s grace. God can work miracles without any merit, merit or merit on our part.
- An external blessing may accompany an internal death. Paradoxically, the man at Bethesda’s pool is healed outside, but apparently never healed inside, because he shows no signs of repentance when Jesus calls him to her.
- Ask an insightful question (verse 6). When you pray, ask what people want to gauge their needs and desires.
- god consciousness (verses 16-18). Some people, like the Pharisees, are so obsessed with their principles that they miss a miracle.
- Jesus awaits repentance (verse 14). It is possible to repent and turn away from our sins. We can change and improve even if we do not achieve perfection in this life.
This story is about healing. Even if you don’t have a chronic physical ailment, like the man in the pool, we all need healing. As Matthew Henry put it:
“We are all by nature powerless in spiritual matters, blind, retained, and withered; but if we care for it, we have a full supply of our medicine.”
Father, we are sometimes such spiritually boring people. We receive abundant blessings from you, yet we respond so gratefully. This is not only a healed man in our history, it is us! Forgive us. Change our hearts. Put faith and gratitude in us, we pray. And I thank You for Your grace that covers all our sins. We pray in the name of Jesus. Amen.
“Jesus asked him,” Do you want to be healed? “(John 5: 6, NIV)
“Later Jesus found him in the temple and said to him,” See, you are made well. Stop sinning or something worse may happen to you »” (John 5:14)
197 “Some time later” (NIV) is a bit of a translation. It is more accurately translated as “after this” (NRSV, KJV, ESV). Greek is meta tauta. The finish line with the accusative is “timestamp after another point in time after” (BDAG 637, B2c).
198 John specifies that Jesus went to Jerusalem for the Feast of Unleavened Bread and Passover (4:45; 6: 4; 13: 1; 11:56; 12:12, 20) and the Feast of Tabernacles (7: 2, 8, 10, 14), 37).
199 “Bethesda” (NIV, ESV, NASB, NJB, KJV) is certified by AC Θ 078 f1, 13 Byzantine texts. “Beth-zatha” (NRSV, RSV) is also well supported by early manuscripts (Aleph 33 Eusebius LD it) and was selected as “least unsatisfactory reading” by the Editorial Committee of United Bible Societies, giving it or “questionable” designation. Metzger, Text Commentary, p. 208.
200 Brown, Ew. John 1: 207; Urban C von Wahlde, “Archeology and the Gospel of John,” in Charlesworth, Jesus & Archeology, pp. 560-566.
201 Stoa, BDAG 945.
202 11. Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary.
203 “Disabled” (NIV), “disabled” (NRSV), “powerless people” (KJV) are the participle astheneō, “suffer debilitating disease, be sick” (BDAG 142, 1), also in verse 7.
204 “Klame” is chōlos, “lame, crippled” (BDAG 1093).
205 “Paralyzed” (NIV, NRSV), withered “(KJV) is xēros,” dry, shriveled “, figuratively,” referring to shrinkage or withering, and therefore motionless due to illness, withered, shrunken, paralyzed “(BDAG 685), 2).