John 5: 6 tells us that the Savior saw the sick man “and knew that in this case he had been a long time ago.” The Savior allowed the man to clarify his situation and need. Since we are not omniscient, we must listen first – and without criticism.
Pool of Bethesda
Pools. Jerusalem in the Second Temple Period – Pattern in Jerusalem, on the path 1 2 3 4 It involves healing. In ancient Greek biblical manuscripts, its name is often confused with that of the city of Bethsaida.
Its name is said to be derived from the 5 Aramaic language or house of grace. In the closely related Syrian branch of this ancient language, 6 7 8 this double meaning could be considered appropriate because the location was seen as a place of disgrace due to the presence of invalids and a place of grace due to the granting of healing an original examination?
Alternative versions of this name, found in the manuscripts of the Gospel of John, include Bethzatha 9 and Bethsaida (not to be confused with Bethsaida, a city in Galilee), although the latter is considered 10
John’s Gospel describes the location of the basin using Eusebius, an early 4th century Christian polemicist who interpreted it as a sheep pond, and later church fathers copied his suggestion, but it is now believed that the term probatike actually refers to the location of Bethesda near Sheep’s Gate 1 2 3 4 (gate in the former city wall, slightly close to the Revised Standard Version and New International Version, according to the second interpretation.
In the middle of the 1st century AD, Aelia Capitolina placed the road along the dam and expanded the asclepieion into a large temple of Asclepius and Serapis. 11 In the Byzantine era, asklepieion was transformed into a church.
After the Crusaders’ conquest of Jerusalem, the church buildings were rebuilt on a much smaller scale, but when the Ottoman Empire in gratitude offered Queen Victoria the choice of a site in Bethesda or Cyprus; The Anglican Church lobbied for the Bethesda site, but Victoria chose Cyprus, so in 1856 the Turks donated the site to the Scriptures
And the king of Assyria sent Lachish to king Hezekiah with a large army to Jerusalem. They left and came to Jerusalem. When they had arrived, they came and stood at the trough of the upper pool that is in the way of the fuller field. 18
This is also mentioned earlier in Isaiah:
And the Lord said to Isaiah, “Go now to meet Ahaz, you and 19
Gospel of John
According to John’s Gospel, Bethesda was a bathing beach (Greek: columbethra) with five (as mentioned above, probatike is now believed to refer to the Sheep’s Gate 1 2 3 4). Archaeologically, the reference to the five porticos is not yet fully understood, as the only suitable structure found in the basins themselves has three porticos instead of five. The closest alternate match is the five colonnades of Asclepieon itself; 21 Origen, writing in the 3rd century, claims to have seen five porticoes, but since the site was already erected by Hadrian, it must refer to the 2nd-century 13th version of Asclepius requiring the authorship of the Gospel of John dated after 130.
John’s narrative describes the porticos as a place where a large number of infirm people waited 22, which corresponds well with the use of the site in the first century as a asklepieon. Some ancient biblical manuscripts claim 21 that these people waited for the rest of the water; 23 several of these 21 manuscripts also depart from Roman rituals into something more appropriate for Judaism, adding that the angel occasionally mixes the water, which will then heal the first person to enter. 24 Although the Vulgate does not mention the water problem or the “angelic tradition,” they were present in many of the manuscripts used by early English translations of the Bible, and therefore included them in their translations. Modern text scholars consider these additional details unreliable and unlikely to be part of the original text
The biblical narrative continues the account of Jesus’ visit on the Sabbath, during which he heals a man who has been bedridden for centuries and unable to enter the pool by himself. 26 Some scholars have suggested that the narrative is in fact part of a deliberate polemic with the cult of Asclepius, an antagonism possibly due in part to the fact that Asclepius was worshiped as Savior (Greek: Soter) regarding his healing attributes. 27 The Greek expression hygies genesthai is used in the narrative, 28 which is nowhere to be found in the synoptic Gospels but appears frequently in the ancient testimonies of Asclepius’ healing power; 27 the later narrative in the Gospel of John about Jesus washing the feet of Simon Peter during the Last Supper, 29 similarly uses the Greek term goyein, 30,which is a special term for washing in asclepieon, 27 instead of the Greek word used elsewhere in John’s text for washing, niptein.
11 And he said, “The man who healed me said to me,” Take your bed and walk. 12 So they asked him, “Who is this man that told you to pick up and go?” 13 The man who was healed had no idea who it was because Jesus slipped out into the crowd that was there. ” (5: 11-13)
What Was the Pool of Bethesda in the Bible?
The Bethesda Pool was a multi-level underground pool, surrounded by wide landings and steps leading to the water. The rectangular fence was encircled by four columned, covered walkways, and one separated the upper reservoir from the lower one, giving the pool five colonnades.
In Jesus’ day, a large crowd of disabled people regularly gathered by the pool and waited for the opportunity to be healed. They believed that at certain times of the year the angel would descend and “stir” the water, giving it healing properties. Legend has it that healing was available to anyone who was allowed to enter the pool first after the angel had moved the water (John 5: 4, KJV).
Before this massive structure became known as a healing site, the pool was simply used as a rainwater reservoir for ritual cleansing. Some Bible scholars believe that the pool of Bethesda was the upper pool described at 2 Kings 18:17. “Water was an important part of early medicine and also important to Jewish law, which placed a lot of emphasis on being” clean “versus” unclean, “explains Connor Salter.
The pool, just outside the walls of Jerusalem, near the Sheep’s Gate, was the perfect spot to cleanse. After the ceremonial sheep were thoroughly washed in the pool, they were taken through the Sheep Gate to the Temple for sacrifice. Some biblical experts believe that the pool was also a mikveh, a bathhouse for Jewish worshipers to achieve ritual purity.
Did the Pool of Bethesda Literally Heal People?
For 38 years, a paralyzed man visited Bethesda Pool in the hope of being healed. Year after year, it attracted him and many other disabled people. Did the healing really take place in the mysterious waters? There are at least three schools of thought about whether or not Bethesda Pool literally provided healing.
Some believe that John 5: 4 makes the final statement about the healings that took place by the pool. “For at one point the angel came down to the pool and disturbed the water; whoever then entered first after the tribulation of the water was healed of all sickness he had ”(John 5: 4). Because of this verse, they believe that God provided miraculous healings with the help of angels at the pool of Bethesda. Their argument against the pessimists suggests that if the healing had not taken place by the pool, the Scriptures would have exposed the healing reports as false claims.